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COLDS AND FLU, COUGHS AND CONGESTION

Colds and flu (influenza) are both illnesses that affect your respiratory system, causing congestion and coughing.1 Colds and flu may have similar symptoms, but they are caused by different viruses.1

 

Here are a few easy ways to spot the difference between a common cold and flu.

Cold Flu
Usually affects the upper respiratory tract (nose & throat)2 Usually affects the upper & lower respiratory tract (nose, throat & lungs)3
Symptoms develop slowly3 Symptoms can develop suddenly3
Symptoms may include coughing, sneezing, congestion (stuffy nose) or runny nose2 Symptoms may include coughing, sneezing, congestion (stuffy nose) or runny nose, fever, chills, headaches, muscle aches & fatigue3
Lasts around 7 to 10 days2 Lasts around 3 to 7 days, but some symptoms may last for 2 weeks or longer4
Did you know? Colds are typically milder than flu and are very common.1,2 As an adult, you can expect to have a cold 2 or 3 times a year.2

What causes colds and flu?

Colds and flu are both caused by germs known as viruses.1 Someone who has a cold or the flu can easily pass the virus on to others.2,3

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Note: Colds and flu are more likely to affect you during the winter months.6

Treating the symptoms of colds and flu

You can relieve your symptoms with various over-the-counter medications.7 For example, a mucolytic medication will help to reduce a wet cough and mucus congestion, by breaking down excess mucus and phlegm so it’s easier to get rid of.8,9

 

If your symptoms keep getting worse, see your doctor for medical attention.2,3

Preventing the spread of colds and flu

Getting your annual flu vaccination can help to protect you against getting the flu and reduce your risk of serious symptoms.3 There is no vaccine available for the common cold.2

Avoiding people with colds or flu isn’t always possible, especially as many people become contagious before their symptoms start appearing.3 However, good hygiene and healthy habits can help to protect you against these viruses.2

tips
References
  1. CDC. Cold versus flu. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2020. Accessed June 14, 2021. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/symptoms/coldflu.htm.
  2. Common cold - symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. Accessed June 14, 2021. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/common-cold/symp toms- causes/syc-20351605.
  3. Influenza (flu) - symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. Accessed June 14, 2021. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/flu/symptoms-causes/syc- 20351719.
  4. How long do flu symptoms last? Get the facts. Healthline. 2018. Accessed August 4, 2021. https://www.healthline.com/health/how-long-does-the-flu-last.
  5. CDC. COVID-19 and your health. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2020. Accessed August 19, 2021. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/diy-cloth-face-coverings.html.
  6. Price RHM, Graham C, Ramalingam S. Association between viral seasonality and meteorological factors. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):929.
  7. Cold remedies: what works, what doesn’t. Mayo Clinic. Accessed August 4, 2021. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/common-cold/in- depth/cold-remedies/art-20046403.
  8. Kryukov AI, Turovsky AB, Izotova GN, et al. Treatment of acute sinusitis. Russian Medical Journal. 2012;9:485-488.
  9. Zaitseva OV. Rational choice of mucolytic therapy in treatment of respiratory diseases in children. Russian Medical Journal. 2009;17(19):1217-1221.
Sidebar References
  1. Sandoz SA (Pty) Ltd. ACC® 600 (effervescent tablets). Professional information. 02 November 2021.
  2. Sandoz SA (Pty) Ltd. ACC® 20 mg/ml Oral Solution. Professional information. 05 October 2021.
  3. Sandoz SA (Pty) Ltd. ACC® 200 (effervescent tablets). Professional information. 08 July 2020.

 

ACC® 600
[S1] ACC® 600 (effervescent tablets). Reg. No.: 45/10.3/0229. Composition: Each effervescent tablet contains 600 mg acetylcysteine. ATC Code: R05CB01.
ACC® Oral Solution
[S1] ACC® 20 mg/ml Oral Solution. Reg. No.: 48/10.3/0261. Composition: Each 1 ml of ACC 20 mg/ml ORAL SOLUTION contains 20 mg acetylcysteine. ATC Code: R05CB01.
ACC® 200
[S1] ACC® 200 (effervescent tablets). Reg. No.: 29/10.2.2/0753. Composition: Each ACC 200 effervescent tablet contains: 200 mg acetylcysteine. Pharmacological Classification: A10.3 Medicines acting on the respiratory system – other.
For full prescribing information refer to the Sandoz Professional Information approved by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA).

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