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ALL ABOUT COUGH

What is a cough?

A cough is a natural reflex that happens when your body needs to clear mucus or irritants out of your airways.1-3 Coughing now and then is normal, but sometimes a cough can be a symptom of an underlying problem, like an illness or allergy.1,2,4

What causes coughing?

Common causes of an acute cough (lasting less than 3 weeks):1-4

  • Common cold
  • Influenza (flu)
  • Acute sinusitis (sinus and nasal infection)
  • Inhaling irritants or allergens.

Common causes of a chronic cough (lasting longer than 8 weeks in adults or 4 weeks in children):4,5

  • Asthma                    
  • Chronic sinusitis (sinus and nasal infection)
  • Some types of allergies
  • Bronchitis.

Find out more about the symptoms of colds and flu.

Wet cough vs dry cough

Wet cough: A type of cough where phlegm or mucus is produced from the respiratory tract.2,6,7 It’s also known as a productive cough.2,6,7

Dry cough: A type of cough where little or no mucus is produced from the respiratory tract.2 A dry cough usually causes itching, scratching or tickling feelings in the throat.2,3 Because not much mucus or phlegm is produced, it’s also known as a non-productive cough.2

Learn more about the different types of cough.

References
  1. Cough. NHS Inform. Accessed September 29, 2021. https://nhsinform-n2.azurewebsites.net/illnesses-and-conditions/lungs-and-airways/cough.
  2. Begic E, Begic Z, Dobraca A, et al. Productive cough in children and adolescents – view from primary health care system. Med Arch. 2017;71(1):66-68.
  3. Dicpinigaitis PV, Colice GL, Goolsby MJ, et al. Acute cough: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Cough. 2009;5:11.
  4. Cough causes. Mayo Clinic. Accessed July 29, 2021. https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/cough/basics/causes/sym-20050846.
  5. Evaluation of chronic cough. BMJ Best Practice. June 4, 2021. Accessed September 29, 2021. https://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-us/69.
  6. Murata A, Taniguchi Y, Hashimoto Y, et al. Discrimination of productive and non-productive cough by sound analysis. Intern Med. 1998;37(9):732-735.
  7. Chang AB, Gaffney JT, Eastburn MM, et al. Cough quality in children: a comparison of subjective vs. bronchoscopic findings. Respir Res. 2005;6(1):3.
Sidebar references
  1. Sandoz SA (Pty) Ltd. ACC® 600 (effervescent tablets). Professional information. 02 November 2021.
  2. Sandoz SA (Pty) Ltd. ACC® 20 mg/ml Oral Solution. Professional information. 05 October 2021.
  3. Sandoz SA (Pty) Ltd. ACC® 200 (effervescent tablets). Professional information. 08 July 2020.

ACC® 600
[S1] ACC® 600 (effervescent tablets). Reg. No.: 45/10.3/0229. Composition: Each effervescent tablet contains 600 mg acetylcysteine. ATC Code: R05CB01.
ACC® Oral Solution
[S1] ACC® 20 mg/ml Oral Solution. Reg. No.: 48/10.3/0261. Composition: Each 1 ml of ACC 20 mg/ml ORAL SOLUTION contains 20 mg acetylcysteine. ATC Code: R05CB01.
ACC® 200
[S1] ACC® 200 (effervescent tablets). Reg. No.: 29/10.2.2/0753. Composition: Each ACC 200 effervescent tablet contains: 200 mg acetylcysteine. Pharmacological Classification: A10.3 Medicines acting on the respiratory system – other.
For full prescribing information refer to the Sandoz Professional Information approved by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA).

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